The United Kingdom has left the European Union. This withdrawal (Brexit) has consequences for most United Kingdom nationals and their family members who wish to continue living in the Netherlands, as well as for companies hiring UK nationals or doing business with the UK. On this page, you can read more about these consequences and what individuals, companies, startups, and self-employed can do now.
Information for United Kingdom Nationals
The UK has now left the EU, with a new deal (Withdrawl Agreement) having come into effect as of 1st of January 2021. You can find general information here.
Brexit and your right of residence
After January 2021, United Kingdom nationals (and family members of a United Kingdom national) are no longer EU citizens (or the family member of an EU citizen). Brexit, therefore, affects your residence rights. Brexit does not affect your residence rights if:
- You have Dutch citizenship; or
- You have a valid Dutch national residence permit on the date of Brexit. Brexit will not affect your right of residence as long as your permit is valid.
After 1st January 2021: you need a Withdrawal Agreement residence document
As a result of Brexit your right of residence in the Netherlands has changed. You are no longer an EU citizen. You will need a residence document to continue to live, work or study here after the transition period. From 1 January 2021 you need to be able to prove that you are entitled to live in the Netherlands under the Withdrawal Agreement. The easiest way to do this is with a residence document. You can also use other documents until you have your residence document.
The Withdrawal Agreement provides that you can apply for a residence document up to and including 1st October 2021 (this has been extended from June 2021 by the Dutch government). After 1st October 2021 you must have a residence document. You may not need a residence document if Brexit does not affect your right of residence.
- You are a UK national and have a national residence permit for permanent residence. This also includes a residence permit as an EU long-term resident in the Netherlands. Brexit does not affect your right to live in the Netherlands. The WA gives the possibility to exchange your national permanent residence permit for a permanent residence document under the WA.
- You are a UK national and also have EU, EEA or Swiss nationality. Brexit does not affect your right to live in the Netherlands because of your other nationality. This also applies to your family members without EU, EEA or Swiss nationality.
- You are a third country national and the relationship with your British partner (UK national) in the Netherlands has ended as result of divorce or death. You are a third country national if you do not have EU, EEA or Swiss nationality. Under EU provisions, it is possible that you may stay in the Netherlands. In that case, you do not need a new residence document. If you wish, you can apply for a residence document. When considering your application, the IND will check whether your situation meets the conditions.
You will need a (new) residence document to live, study and work here. To obtain a residence document after Brexit, certain rules apply. Find out more here.
- Brexit does not affect the residence rights of UK nationals who have become Dutch or have a national, permanent residence permit in the Netherlands.
- If you are a UK national and have a partner with another EU/EEA or Swiss nationality, you may have a right of residence in the Netherlands to live with your EU partner. If you have a dependent right of residence, you can choose which application you would like to submit: the application the IND will invite you to submit after Brexit as a UK national living in the Netherlands, or an application for residence dependent on your partner with an EU/EEA or Swiss nationality.
- If you are a UK national you have a temporary Dutch national residence permit, for example for the purpose of working here. You have a right of residence in the Netherlands for as long as your permit is valid and you fulfil the conditions. You can choose to rely on your residence based on the national permit that you currently have, or to submit the application that the IND will invite you to submit after Brexit.
Did you receive a temporary residence permit from the IND in March or October 2019? This permit was in the eventuality of a no-deal Brexit - you do not need it.
Now that the Transition Period is over there may be other conditions for applying for Residency. Find out more information here.
Frontier workers (cross-border commuters)
Frontier workers (cross-border commuters) are defined as UK nationals who work in the Netherlands, but do not live here, and return to the UK at least every week. After the 1st of January 2021, if you were working as a frontier worker before 31st of December 2020 and if you fulfill the conditions of the withdrawl agreement, you can continue to do so. If you fall under the withdrawal agreement, you can continue to work as a frontier worker in the Netherlands after the end of the transition period.
More information can be found here.
Residence possibilities in the Netherlands
What you can do now
Please check this website by the British Government to find out the steps you can take now.
- If you have not already done so, register yourself in person in the Personal Records Database (BRP) at the town hall. The Dutch government can then get in touch with you if necessary.
- Then apply for a DigiD. With your DigiD, you can easily submit an online application to the IND. Do you already have a DigiD but no sms-verification? You can also set this up on My DigiD.
- Then make sure that you will also receive post from the IND digitally. Use your DigiD to log in to MijnOverheid. There you can access your Berichtenbox (message box) where you can receive digital post from government institutions, including the IND. Go to Instellingen (Settings) and under Landelijke Organisaties check Immigratie- en Naturalisatiedienst (Immigration and Naturalisation Service, the IND).
- Open a Dutch bank account. You need this to set up iDEAL, an online payment method. You will need iDEAL to pay for an online application for a residence document.
UK Driving Licence after Brexit
If you are visiting the Netherlands from the UK you may use your British driving licence for a short period. If you are moving to the Netherlands however, you must exchange your UK driving licence for a Dutch licence at your local municipality. Find out more information here.
If you are registered with the Leiden Gemeente, you can organise the exchange of your licence through their website here.
For official and up to date information on the situation of British Citizens resident in the Netherlands after Brexit:
You can find general information on Brexit related matters at:
Official website of the UK Government
For the governments official advice for British Citizens living in the Netherlands (including if the UK leaves the EU) see the guide:
Living in the Netherlands
Information for Dutch entrepreneurs and companies
Businesses have to prepare for post-Brexit requirements – for example, new border checks and procedures. The EU's free movement for goods and workers no longer to applys to the UK. The UK is now regarded as a third-country, which means that there will be new requirements and regualtions for products manufactured in the UK. Find more information here.
If you are an entrepreneur and want to prepare for Brexit properly, please check the Brexit Impact Scan (in Dutch) and the Brexit vouchers. The information on these websites is available in Dutch only; by using Google Chrome or Google Translate the information wil be translated to English.
With the Brexit Impact Scan, entrepreneurs can easily identify the consequences of Brexit for their company, for instance how Brexit may affect import/export regulations, intellectual property, transport, and digital services when working with the United Kingdom.
They can also use a Brexit voucher. With this subsidy, companies receive an advisor for expert advice on alternative markets and the consequences of Brexit for their company. Regularly check the Brexit desk (Brexitloket) to stay informed of the most recent developments in the field of Brexit.
In the Guide for Businesses by the European Commission, you can find a lot of information on how to get ready for the end of the transition period. The guide is available for download in any European langauge for English version click here and Dutch version click here .
Information for Municipalities
With the Brexit Impact Scan for governments, you can estimate the possible impact of Brexit on your government organization. The impact scan has been broken down into four target groups: municipalities, provinces, national government organizations, and water boards. Going through the scan provides tailor-made advice on the possible impact of Brexit, and within which themes follow-up steps must be taken with useful links for more information.
More information can be found at Europa Decentraal.
Information for Dutch citizens dealing with Brexit
Extensive and up to date information can be found at Brexitloket (in Dutch) and Brexit topics (in English). Some of the topics are: traveling to the UK, living in the UK, doing scientific research in the UK, the border between Ireland and North Ireland, hiring (temporary) UK staff.