Primary Education

Schooling for children aged four to twelve

Although by law children are not required to start school until the age of 5, most start the first day after their fourth birthday. This means that everyone starts school on a different day throughout the year. At age 4 a child starts in grade 1, which is called ‘groep 1’ in Dutch. Groep 8 (age 11 or 12) is the last grade of primary school, after which pupils proceed to secondary school.  

Most schools combine groups 1 & 2. The children in this group are called ‘kleuters’, and the group is known as ‘kleuterklas.’ In ‘kleuterklas’ the focus is on learning through play, social skills, fine and gross motor skills, structure, and gradual preparation for reading and writing. Formal reading and writing starts in group 3 (age 6).  

Scrabble board with word blocks.

Find out more about the differences between Dutch and International schools on our page: How to choose the right school

Foreign children in Dutch schools  
4- and 5-year-olds who don’t speak Dutch can usually start a regular primary school straight away. They usually pick up the language quickly and are (almost) fluent before the ‘real learning' starts at age 6.  Ask the school about possibilities for extra language lessons for non-Dutch children.  

Children aged 6 and older are usually required to follow a Dutch immersion programme first. This takes about one year, after which they can continue their education with children of the same age at a regular school.  

The following primary schools in the Leiden region have a dedicated Dutch immersion class:  

Other Dutch immersion classes you can find on: www.lowan.nl  

 

International Primary Schools - An international school follows either an international curriculum, or a curriculum that is in line with the educational system and legislation of a specific country other than the Netherlands. These schools are mainly attended by foreign children.

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